With all prayer and supplication.
Ephesians 6:18 ESV
Paul’s next ALL statement is that we should pray with all prayer and supplication. Since supplication is a particular type of prayer, I believe that Paul means to use various kinds of prayer whenever we pray, with a special focus on supplication. Fortunately, throughout the Scripture, the authors display and model for us the multifaceted nature of prayer. Nowhere is this better seen than in the Psalms, which are themselves God-breathed song-prayers. Thus, I will briefly touch upon a few of the main types of prayer and then provide a list of Psalms that incorporate that type of prayer.
Adoration isn’t used much outside of saying that kittens are adorable, but biblically adoration is a great word to describe our worship of God. Adoration simply means to deeply love and respect someone or something in a worshipful way.
We worship and adore God by loving Him deeply, but in order to do this, we must first know who God is.
When Jesus’ disciples asked Him how to pray, Jesus gave them the Lord’s Prayer as a model for them to use. In this prayer, He taught His disciples to begin praying by focusing upon God.
Here are a few characteristics of God that can be seen within the Lord’s Prayer:
- God is our Father, which means like a father, He loves us, wants what is best for us, and is willing to discipline us as needed.
- God is heavenly, which means He is not physical nor living on earth.
- God’s name is holy. Holiness means unique, set apart, distinct, or other. This means that God’s name is completely unlike any other name in all of creation.
- God has a kingdom that is coming; therefore, God is also a king.
- God’s will is done in heaven, and it will also be done on earth, which means that God is sovereign and in control.
- We can ask God to provide for our needs, like having food to eat, which means that He loves us and cares for us.
- We can ask God for forgiveness, which means that He is ready and willing to forgive us.
- We can ask God to keep us from evil and temptation, which means that He is able to help us overcome our sins.
Notice that Jesus spends the first half of the Lord’s Prayer describing God and praying for His will to be done. Jesus worshiped God before He asked God for anything.
Jesus knew that prayer is not about our desires but about submitting ourselves to His will. God is not a genie, granting us our wishes. He is the Creator of everything who will do whatever He wills.
The best way to adore God in prayer and know His character is by reading the Bible, which is how God has revealed Himself to us. The Psalms in particular are filled with prayers of adoration, and there are dozens of small ones in the New Testament called doxologies.
Psalms of Adoration
Psalm 8, 19, 33, 34, 103, 109, 145
New Testament doxologies: Romans 8:38-39; 11:33, 36; 15:5-6; 15:13; Ephesians 3:20-21; 1 Timothy 1:17; 6:15-16; Hebrews 13:20-21; 2 Peter 3:18; Jude 24-25; Revelation 1:5-6; 5:12-13; 7:12; 22:20-21
Because confession is the pleading guilty to our sins before God, confession cannot be properly understood without first knowing what sin is.
The Bible gives a clear definition of sin in 1 John 3:4, “Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness.”
Of course, John is not merely referring to city, state, or country laws; rather, he is talking about God’s laws, which are summed up nicely in the Ten Commandments.
But the problem does not end with simply being guilty of sin. In Isaiah 59:2, the prophet describes how our sins separate us from God: “But your iniquities [sins] have made a separation between you and your God, and your sins have hidden his face from you so that he does not hear.”
Notice how frightening is that last part: our sin stops God from listening to us!
We broke God’s laws, so we rightfully deserve His punishment and to be cut off from any relationship we might have had with Him.
But by the grace of God, even though sin earns us eternal separation from God and left us incapable of doing enough good works to fix it, Jesus Christ came to offer eternal life with God as a free gift instead.
Of course, believing the good news that Jesus came to save us from our sins does not mean that we stop sinning.
We continue to break God’s laws on a daily basis, and the gospel is not a get-out-of-hell-free card that we believe in once, continue to live in sin, and still go to heaven when we die.
The Bible calls us to continually kill the sin in our lives and to admit the sins we commit to God in prayer. This is called repentance.
When we repent, we confess our disobedience to God and strive to obey Him from now on.
Confessing our sins in repentance to God is so important that John uses it as a test to see if we are truly Christians: “If we say we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.” (1 John 1:10)
Followers of Christ confess and repent of their sins to God, knowing that He will graciously forgive them because of Jesus’ death and resurrection for us.
Psalms of Confession
Psalms 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, & 143
Most Christians probably agree that we should give thanks to God in our prayers, but why is that? By journeying through a few texts of Scripture, we should be able to get a brief look at what thanksgiving is and isn’t, and why it’s important.
The story of the ten lepers in Luke 17:11-19 is one of the most popular in the Gospels because of its lesson on thanksgiving.
Of the ten, only one returned to thank Jesus, which Christ equates with giving praise to God. Because they did not give thanks, they failed to praise God for healing them.
Some people have wondered how the other nine lepers could be so ungrateful, but I imagine that they were indeed very grateful.
Because it is a highly contagious skin disease, people with leprosy were exiled from normal society and forced to live in groups with other lepers. They were completely cut off from their friends and family, forced to die a slow death alone.
How could they not be grateful for being cured!
But Jesus did not fault them for being ungrateful; He faulted them for not giving thanks.
Ultimately, gratitude is feeling and giving thanks is an action.
Jesus never questioned how grateful the other nine felt. He only remarked that they did not give praise to God through giving thanks.
We, therefore, must understand first of all that thanksgiving is not the feeling of gratitude. If thanksgiving is not spoken, then we have not truly given thanks.
If Jesus equated giving thanks to praising God, why should we give thanks to God?
James gives us a pretty great answer to this question: “Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.” (James 1:17-18)
Notice James’ wording: EVERY GOOD GIFT comes from the Father.
All of the good things in this world come from God.
As the Creator, He has given us the ground we stand on, the air we breathe, and the water we drink. Rain and sunshine, friends and family, meat and fruit, dogs and cats, everything comes from Him.
As our Savior, God declared His love for us by dying on a cross for our sins, allowing us to be called the sons and daughters of God.
This is why Paul wrote 1 Thessalonians 5:16-18: Rejoice always, pray without ceasing, GIVE THANKS IN ALL CIRCUMSTANCES; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you.
Notice that Paul views thanksgiving as so important that he calls it the will of God for us.
God’s will for your life is for you to give thanks in all circumstances.
Because God has given us countless good gifts, we ALWAYS have something to give thanks for. There is no circumstance in life where we cannot thank God for something He has done for us.
Psalms of Thanksgiving
Psalm 27, 37, 42, 56, 100, 117, 136, 139, 145
Supplication isn’t exactly the kind of word that comes up in everyday conversation, but even though it’s an uncommon word, supplication is probably the most common type of prayers that we pray.
Supplication simply means to make a request or petition, so praying a prayer of supplication is asking God to meet our needs or wants.
It can be tempting to feel uneasy about making requests to God after having discussed confessing our sins to Him, adoring Him in worship, and thanking Him everything. We might wonder why we should bother God with our small needs.
Fortunately, bringing our requests to God isn’t only something we are invited to do, we are commanded to do it: “Do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.” (Philippians 4:6)
Paul commanded the Philippians not to be anxious but to bring their request to God instead.
Let’s think through this verse together for a bit.
What does it mean to be anxious, and why does Paul command us to pray instead?
Anxiety is excessive worry about something.
The Bible repeatedly tells us to trust God by taking our needs to Him instead of being anxious.
What kind of requests does Paul urge us to bring to God?
The answer is all of them. Paul commands us to bring all of our needs to Him in prayer. God as our Father invites us to bring everything to Him, no matter how small.
Before you get too crazy about bringing God your requests, it is important to remember that God is not a genie. He does not exist to grant our wishes, and He makes no promises about giving us everything we want.
Remember the Lord’s Prayer from Matthew 6:9-13. Before Jesus taught His disciples to pray for their needs, He told them to pray for God’s will to be done.
God’s will often doesn’t match our own, which can lead to God not answering our prayer (or really just telling us no). This is ultimately for the best because God’s will is better than our will. God may deny our requests because what we want would actually be bad for us.
Can you think of anything that you wanted in the past but now know that it was best not to have?
We think we know what we need, but God actually knows what we need. It’s important for us to trust that He knows best when we bring our requests to God.
Psalms of Supplication
Psalm 4, 5, 25, 28, 54, 56, 77, 106, 130, 141
If you noticed, I just described a popular acronym for prayer, ACTS. While adoration, confession, thanksgiving, and supplication are certainly biblically mandated types of prayer, we must take care to understand that they do not encompass every form of prayer. In fact, there is one more type of prayer that often gets neglected, but it highly prevalent throughout the Scriptures: lamentations.
Praying a lamentation, or lamenting, is a form of bringing our trouble, sorrow, or suffering before the Lord. Too often, we feel uncomfortable about praying our sorrows or complaints to God for fear of being disrespectful. While fear of disrespecting God is healthy, God is also big enough to handle our questioning, and He is loving us to listen to our pain and confusion. As with all prayer, lamentations are best guided by Scripture, which help prevent us from praying unbiblical prayers.
Psalms of Lamentation
Psalm 12, 13, 44, 74, 85, 90, 137
Also, there is a book of the Bible called Lamentations that is composed of five prayers of lament.